Updated: May 23, 2018
Between the Tigris and Euphrates river ranging from Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Syria and Turkey is the diaspora of Mesopotamia. It is considered by many to be the "Cradle of Civilization."
In the Southeast area of the valley, Task Force 2-4 CAV made the famous "Left Hook" and the longest Cavalry charge in history.
Earliest form of writing: Sumerian.
Literature: Epic Of Gilgamesh
Mathematics: Base 60 numeral system. Source of time division. (seconds/minutes/hours/hours in a day/360 degree circle) Sumerian calendar based on 7 day week.
Astronomy: predicted eclipses and solstices. Astronomers tracked celestial bodies to mark events on the calendar. 12 month calendar based on cycle of the moon.
Heliocentric Theory: the plantes revolve around the sun and turns on its own axis.
Medicine: Concept of: diagnosis, prognosis, physical examination and prescriptions, Empiricism, logic, rationality in diagnosis, prognosis and therapy.
Creation of a medical diagnostic handbook: medical symptoms, observations.
Use of bandages, creams and pills.
Thru the use of the diagnostics manual they discovered varieties of epilepsy and related ailments.
Invented technologies including metal and copper-working, glass and lamp making, textile weaving, flood control, water storage and irrigation.
Among the more fascinating inventions was the Baghdad Battery.
The Baghdad Battery is a collection of 3 artifacts found together - ceramic pot, copper tube and iron rod - located in Khujut Rabu, Iraq.
These elements combined with an electrolyte such as saalt water could possibly store an electric charge. It is unknown what the device would power or if it was actually a battery and not some other device.
The earliest form of logic was developed by the Babylonians.
Economy and Agriculture:
Sumerian temples functioned as banks and developed the first large-scale system of loans and credit, but the Babylonians developed the earliest system of commercial banking.
Early settlers of fertile land in Mesopotamia used wooden plows to soften the soil before planting crops such as barley, onions, grapes, turnips, and apples. Mesopotamian settlers were some of the first people to make beer and wine.
Among the first sets of written laws was the Code Of The Hammarubi. The Code was a collection of case precedence and decisions made by kings. King Hammarubi codified over 200 laws for Mesopotamia. Although statuatory law was great progress, the laws themselves were unjust and dispropotionate.
Location of One of Seven Wonders
The "Hanging Gardens Of Babylon" was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
Described as a remarkable feat of engineering with an ascending series of tiered gardens containing a wide variety of trees, shrubs, and vines, resembling a large green mountain constructed of mud bricks, and said to have been built in the ancient city of Babylon, near present-day Hillah, Babil province, in Iraq.
According to one legend, the Neo-Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar II, who ruled between 605 and 562 BC, built the Hanging Gardens.
2600 years later, Task Force 2-4 CAV engaged and destroyed the 6th Nebuchadnezzar Mechanized Division of the Iraqi Republican Guard.
This is how we saw Mesopotamia:
These are some of the historical sites. Some sites such as the ancient city of Palmyra have been damaged and destroyed by ISIL.